An architect and a draftsman can work on a construction project, together. However, these two job positions come with different responsibilities and require distinct academic background and skills.
What does an architect do?
An architect designs and builds structures for people to eat, shop, work, live and worship in. This includes homes, office buildings, complexes, schools, churches and so forth. Here is a summary of their responsibilities:
(i) Overseeing of a building project from initial planning to completion.
(ii) Ensuring the structures are safe, economical and functional.
(iii) Taking charge of the overall aesthetics
(iv) They ensure that all construction drawings follow ordinances like building codes, fire regulations and zoning laws.
Educational requirements for an architect
The minimal academic requirement for an architect is a bachelor’s degree in architecture. This takes 5 years and includes classes in architecture history, CADD, math, technology and construction methods. In addition to this, one also needs complete an internship after which they acquire a license/work permit.
What does a draftsman do?
Drafters perform literally perform the same tasks as those handled by architects. In fact, they often work together with them (architects). However, drafting applies to other areas other than architecture and construction. Draftsmen can create drawings of mechanical designs and circuitry. This includes specifications and technical details like materials to be used, procedures and dimensions.
A draftsman’s roles depends on his/her area of specialization. For instance, a civil draftsman prepares drawings for civil engineering projects like bridge construction, highway, sewage, and flood control projects.
Educational requirements for a draftsman
The minimal educational requirement for a draftsman is a college diploma. Since training as a draftsman varies depending on the job market, prospective candidates are advised to check with potential requirements on what they look out for. In a nutshell, community colleges and technical institutes offer certificates, associate’s degrees and diplomas in drafting.